labeled parts of a computer

For its part, the processor is the"brain"of the computer, responsible for retrieving, decoding, executing and rewrite the commands of the computer. ©  ClassTalkers - School Work Helper & SBA Help Zone. Cooling – See Air Cooling, Liquid Cooling. GDDR – Graphics Random Access Memory, the RAM used in modern graphics cards. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Finding The Surface Area Of A Triangular Prism. You can & download or print using the browser document reader options. ITX (Mini-ITX, Nano-ITC, Pico ITX) – A common small motherboard form factor family ranging between the size of a softcover book and a deck of cards. Overclocked systems frequently outperform stock parts by a considerable margin with the drawback of noticeably greater heat and energy use. You are an abcteach Member, but you are logged in to the Free Site. In addition to style, they provide a means to visually inspect the system internals to make sure vents, fans, cables and other components are operating properly. ! Thanks a ton for this type of write-up. Whether you need to replace apart, are thinking about building a computer, or just looking for some additional information, it’s important to understand the basic computer parts and what they do. Open case (Open air case, bench case) – Open air cases are designed to mount PC hardware in high visibility or easy access situations, such as a testing bench or custom build meant for display. Crossfire – Two or more AMD graphics cards used in tandem to increase 3D and computational performance for high-demand applications such as high-resolution 3D gaming. These elements can not be observed with the naked eye, since they are inside the equipment: in the case, in the monitor, in the keyboard, among others. While mechanical hard disk systems are a mature and stable technology, SSDs have recently begun to supplant them. The clock of the system has the function of setting the rhythm to which each device of the computer must work, so that these function as a whole. Other internal parts of the computer are the central memory (ROM and RAM), optical reading devices, buses, system clock, internal storage, hard disk, video card, expansion slots and source of power. Also see: M.2, mSata. If you have a desktop computer, you are likely using a mid-tower; if you are using a notebook computer, you have a laptop case. Stick with 80 Plus Silver or better PSUs for best results. The front of the case usually has an On/Off button and one or more optical drives. Optical drive – Largely obsolete, 5.25” optical disc drives such a CD-Rs, DVD-Rs and Blu-ray rewriters are still used for legacy installations, media conversion and other retro situations. Don’t forget to factor the cost of the OS with your build if you don’t have a handy license. BGA socket (Ball grid array socket) – These sockets, used by Intel for all their upgradable CPUs such as the Core i5 and i7, differ significantly from the classic PGA design where a processor with pins slips into a socket with a matching grid of holes. We have viewed information detailing the parts of a computer and what they do. Unlike HDMI and DisplayPort, DVI connectors do not carry an audio signal. AMD counters this feature by providing more hardware CPU cores, up to 8, in select CPU offerings. This is particularly effective in situations when many devices are accessing a wireless router simultaneously. The computer case is the metal and plastic box that contains the main components of the computer, including the motherboard, central processing unit (CPU), and power supply. A typical desktop computer consists of a computer system unit, a keyboard, a mouse, and a monitor. Retrieved on September 20, 2017, from, Internal and External Hardware Components in a Computer. A motherboard has ports that face outside a PC's case, so you can charge your computer, plug in a monitor, or connect a mouse. E.D.P.M SBA: Notice of A Meeting Sample by P.s.s. This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome. This differentiates it from sequential devices, such as the cassette, in which it is necessary to play the files in a specific order. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. PCIe (PCI Express) – The Peripheral Connect Interface Express bus is a high-speed expansion slot designed to accept add-in components such as graphics cards. VGA connector – Old style analog D-sub VGA is still handy to connect with aging projectors or other specialty equipment, but is generally relegated to compatibility or backup status since digital display connectors offer better quality and more features. Many power users boot from an SSD and use a supplemental mechanical hard disk for bulk storage. These low-power LEDs often come color coordinated to match component designs, indicate a product family or just provide a custom touch to a handmade build. Review computer vocabulary with this labeled diagram. The central processing unit (CPU), also called a processor, is located inside the computer case on the motherboard. A quality educational site offering 5000+ FREE printable theme units, word puzzles, writing forms, book report forms,math, ideas, lessons and much more. Visit our corporate site. PCI express power cable (6-, 8- and 6+2-pin configurations) – These power cables supply high-performance PCI Express components, typically graphics cards, with the supplemental power they require for full performance. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. A framed area of a computer screen that appears in front of the desktop. Removing the CMOS battery can reset the motherboard to defaults. Moreover, even if you know what a CPU is, do you know what it looks like? Every component of your computer, from the DVD burner to the CPU, will connect directly into the motherboard. DRAM module – Dynamic Read Access Memory modules populate the memory bank slots on most motherboards and provide the host computer with an addressable space to store and manipulate computational results. Make sure that you spell correctly, or the answer will be wrong! Current Coffee Lake systems are now using DDR4 RAM with 2666 MHz default speeds, although modules over 4 GHz are available. Power draw on top-shelf graphics cards easily outpaces all the other components of a system combined. XMP – (Extreme Memory Profile) An Intel derived DRAM settings standard that provides several fail-safe memory configurations beyond the default setting, allowing easy configuration of high-speed memory modules. VRAM – Video Random Access Memory, usually used to refer to the RAM in a dedicated graphics card. Motherboard – It all starts here. 1) it accepts data or instructions by way of input, 2) it stores data, The case is the part of your computer that holds all the other parts. A modern replacement for the BIOS. If you're beginner in the PC world or taking a crack at putting together your first rig, there a lot of terminology to know. Required fields are marked *. Each part has a specific function. Standoff screws – These small brass riser screws are tapped and threaded at the cap and used to secure the motherboard to the backplane of the case. The new USB 3.1 (colored red) specification increases data speeds and introduces a smaller, reversible, easy to attach connector. While most CPUs are locked to specific operating frequencies, enthusiast variants such as Intel’s K series are open to overclocking.

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