He’s the son of the sunny creator god Hunab Ku, and was heavily involved in the development of Maya culture. 6-7)• Pic 1: Graphic of Itzamná scanned from our own copy of The Ancient Maya by Sylvanus G. Morley, Stanford University Press, California, 1947 (p. 241 - graphic based on Codex Dresden, p. 5)• Pic 2: Image from Wikipedia (Itzamná). The Bird of Heaven is a more than an associate of Itzamná, it is his counterpart, both a separate entity living alongside Itzamná and sometimes Itzamná himself, transformed. A unique feature of this cult was that this deity was not responsible for any catastrophes - being completely benign, making the fields fertile, along with ensuring an adequate supply of water for the Mayans. His feathery serpent mode Kukulcan was identified with Quetzalcoatl by the Aztecs. His appearance was a toothless old man with sunken cheeks and a very prominent nose. Please do not copy without permission. Editors: Peter J. Allen, Chas Saunders. He was also identified as the son of the creator god Hunab Ku (pronounced hoo-NAHB-koo). J. Eric S. Thompson originally interpreted the name Itzamna as "lizard house", itzam being a Yucatecan word for iguana and naaj meaning "house". Re-Examination of Spanish Colonial Period Documents Related to Prehistoric Maya History and Mythology. In the mythical narrative, his rulership over this vast (and seemingly contrasting) domains is borne by innate and even arcane knowledge, as opposed to supernatural … Pronunciation: Coming soon Itzamna (also known as Itzamná or Solarius) is the former chief deity in the Mayan pantheon, being the lord of medicine and was worshiped as the moon deity and the bringer of civilization along with being the husband of the goddess Ixchel.His appearance was a toothless old man with sunken cheeks and a very prominent nose. Itzamná was considered a hero in Mayan culture and recognized for giving the Maya the foundations of civilization. The otherwise unattested, agentive form itzam could thus mean "asperser" or "sorcerer". For official Godchecker merch please visit our God Shop where a wide range of items are available to buy. RESOURCE: Ancient Maya gods - 1) Itzamná (‘God D’) The ancient Maya pantheon consisted of a large number of deities - some shared with other Mesoamerican peoples, others gods from other cultures added to the Maya pantheon. When presenting himself as a human, he did so as an old man with a large nose, square eyes, and generally without teeth. This article was most recently revised and updated by. He was therefore invoked as a god of medicine. Often he is portrayed as an aged man, with the written form of his name including the Ahau for leadership alongside his conventional glyph. Itzamná was also a culture hero who gave humankind writing and the calendar and was patron deity of medicine. It’s a shame more samples of his invention didn’t survive as a few extra original Maya volumes would do wonders for our research. Copyright © 2019. In Yucatan, during the Postclassic period, Itzamná was also worshiped as the god of medicine. Another important form of Itzamna is that of the Bird of Heaven. He frequently appeared as four gods called Itzamnas, who encased the world. Type: God Taking on many different roles in the Mayan religion, he is a god deeply connected not only with acts of creation, but also with knowledge and healing. Itzamná is also often represented as a two-headed underwater serpent, a caiman, or a mix of human and caiman characteristics. Not sure of the spelling? Alternative names: God-D, Itzam-Na, Gender: Male We are often asked about mythology merchandise. The goddess may have been Itzamnás wife or a female form of his deit… Area of expertise: Creation He brought agriculture and farming to the masses, and also invented those essential items ‘books’ and ‘writing’. In the Mayan language, Itzamná means caiman, lizard, or large fish. * Okay, more or less all known Gods. In addition to his mythical representations, he was also represented in the Mayan religion by a priest who wore a headdress featuring the sacred bird deity. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Maya_gods_and_supernatural_beings He brought agriculture and farming to the masses, and also invented those essential items ‘books’ and ‘writing’. This bird is usually identified with Vucub Caquix, the mythical monster killed by the hero twins Hunapuh and Xbalanque (One Hunter and Jaguar Deer) in the stories found in the Popol Vuh. The moon goddess Ixchel, patron of womanly crafts, was possibly a female manifestation of the god. Itzamna, principal pre-Columbian Mayan deity, ruler of heaven, day, and night. Black Friday Sale! He wears a tall cylindrical headdress with a beaded mirror, a hat that often resembles a flower with a long outpouring stream. Another important form of Itzamna is that of the Bird of Heaven. Out of all the gods that the Mayans believed in, one of the most important gods was known as Itzamna. To purchase such goodies we suggest you try Amazon, Ebay or other reputable online stores. Itzamna is associated with several other Meso-American sky deities, including Kukulcan. Itzamnáaj or Itzamná is the creator god and is at the highest level; the K’inich Ajaw (Lord of the Solar Eye), is a manifestation of Itzamná. This was meant to be not only a representation of him, but a ceremonial version giving his blessing to a Mayan leader. Importantly, Itzamna also has some connection to the Mayan world trees. When presenting himself as a human, he did so as an old man with a large nose, square eyes, and generally without teeth. Chaac – Wikimedia commons. Popularity index: 3644. Counted among one of the most popular of Mayan gods and goddesses in the pre-Columbian pantheon, Itzamna (Itzamná or Itzam Na, also called God D) was designated as the king of heaven and night and day. Hachakyum may be a son, successor, or iteration of Itzamna. The main sources of information for these are the codices, early colonial documents, ceramics and mural paintings. Itzamná was also connected with the sacred World Tree (ceiba), which for the Maya linked together the sky, earth, and Xibalba, the Mayan underworld.
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