Wollenberg and Measey, 2009, J. Evol. Chen, Wang, Liu, Xie, and Jiang, 2011, Curr. Zool. Torino, Ser. Explicit Order, containing solely family Caecilidae [sic]. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Nuda Bonaparte, 1832, Saggio Dist. Regne Animal: 102. Suborder containing their infraorders Rhinatrematidei and Epicriidei. Confused by a class within a class or Zhang and Wake, 2009, Mol. Fis. Phylogenet. Acad. Univ. Means that the results of the search will all records that have either of the terms held together by an OR, Recovers all records that contain the word "Lithobates" or "Costa Rica": 402 records inasmuch as this will include all records for the entire amphibian fauna of Costa Rica, Combining Boolean operators within the Basic Search box (AND, OR, NOT, quotation marks), Recovers only records that contain the word Lithobates AND "Costa Rica", but excludes any record that contains the word "forreri" in any part of the record: 9 records, For additional sources of information from other sites search, To search the NIH genetic sequence database, see, For related information on conservation and images as well as observation see. Rept. The Animal Diversity Web (online). France, 43: 11-19, reviewed the history of classification of this group. Philos., London, Ser. Apoda Merrem, 1820, Tent. Nat. Wilkinson, San Mauro, Sherratt, and Gower, 2011, Zootaxa, 2874: 41-64, discussed the history of family-group taxonomy, and provided a revised, monophyletic taxonomy of families. Presumably a secondary use of Gymnophidia Müller, 1831. Monogr., 7: 2. Soc. Univ. : 9, 24; Bonaparte, 1840, Mem. ), Reprod. Pseudo-ophidia — Blainville, 1835, Nouv. Monogr., 7, San Mauro, Gower, Oommen, Wilkinson, and Zardoya, 2004, Mol. Berol. World, Carroll and Currie, 1972, Zool. Common Names Amph. Amph. Peromela Haeckel, 1866, Gen. Morphol. Evans and Sigogneau-Russell, 2001, Palaeontology, 44: 259-273, discussed the fossil evidence for the origin of the group and their relationships, and suggested that the name Gymnophiona be used for the fossil antecedents as well as the crown-group (living taxa) and that Apoda be restricted to use for the living crown-group. Soc. 22), Bonaparte, 1838, Nuovi Ann. Evol., 61: 543-583 (see comment in Amphibia record) provided as part of a larger analysis a tree of Gymnophiona: Rhinatrematidae + (Ichthyophiidae + (Scolecomorphidae + (Herpelidae + ((Typhlonectidae + Caeciliidae) + (Indotyphlidae + (Dermophiidae + Siphonopidae)))))) but could not confirm that Gymnophiona is the sister taxon of Anura + Caudata. Soc. Rept. Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. 2020. Latinization of Pseudophydiens Blainville, 1816. Animal. Suborder for caecilians. Unranked taxon (between order and family, in context, although possibly a family), for caecilians. Syst. Means that the results of the search must include both words held together by an AND, OR statement. Herpetol. 2, 2: 460. Stegokrotaphia Cannatella and Hillis, 1993, Herpetol. Gymnophiona Click on organism name to get more information. Common Name(s): Caecilians [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: Lett. Nat. Mus. Monogr., 7: 64-76, discussed the phylogenetic evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences and San Mauro, Gower, Oommen, Wilkinson, and Zardoya, 2004, Mol. Vert. 2, 10: 217. Nat. Animal. National Science Foundation Frosch. Subclass and Order including caecilians. To cite this page: : 55. Hist. Biol. Metod. Struct. Biol., 19(30), Torres-Sanchez, Gower, Alvarez-Ponce, Creevey, Wilkinson, and San Mauro, 2019, BMC Genomics, 20 (354), Chikilidae Kamei, San Mauro, Gower, Van Bocxlaer, Sherratt, Thomas, Babu, Bossuyt, Wilkinson, and Biju, 2012, Indotyphlidae Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, * = "wildcard". Presumably a reranking of Gymnophides Latreille, 1825. "Tribus" containing only Coecilioidea. Presumably a reranking of Apoda Oppel, 1811. Gymnophidia Müller, 1831, Isis von Oken, 24: 711. Soc. Soc. Soc. Order for caecilians and amphisbaenians. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Infraorder containing their families Geotrypeteidae and Siphonopidae. Gymnophia Rafinesque, 1814, Specchio Sci., 2, 2: 104. Order for caecilians. Lescure, 1986, Mem. Order containing solely caecilians. France, 43: 162. France, 43: 152. Ann. "Sezione" (over the level of Order) containing solely the Order Batrachophidii (caecilians). Amph. Allows a partial letter string to be entered and implies either no or various extension on this letter string. Siphonopidei Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, Mem. Lett. Monogr., 7: 56-63, discussed the immunological evidence for relationships among the families, and Hedges, Nussbaum, and Maxson, 1993, Herpetol. Monogr., 7, San Mauro, Gower, Müller, Loader, Zardoya, Nussbaum, and Wilkinson, 2014, Mol. Nat. Nat. . Nat. Sci. Am. Vert. Most of them look like either earthworms or snakes. Zool. 2, 10: 217. Family-group name (and therefore unavailable) to contain caecilians. Coeciliae Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Rhinatrematoidei Lescure, Renous, and Gasc, 1986, Mem. Gymnophiona Müller, 1832, Z. : 29-35, provided keys, maps, brief accounts, and maps for the species of Central America. Philos., London, Ser. Unranked taxon composed of non-rhinatrematid caecilians, a synonym of Stegokrotaphia. Colomb. Coll. Taxon sampling and data sets were similar but differed in some respects, so at this point in the time the reason(s) for the different results remain problematic. Infraorder for their Epicriidae (Ichthyophiidae) and Uraeotyphlidae. Philadelphia, 20, Gouriet, 1868, Rev. Mus. Please see our brief essay. : xxi. Biol., 22, Zhang and Wake, 2009, Mol. Order of caecilians, content not stated. Biol. Latinization of Ophiosomes Duméril and Bibron, 1841. Amph. Lett. Name coined as a "Section" (above family, below Order) including branchiosaurus (temnospondyli) and caecilians. Mus. Infraorder containing their Caeciliidae, Oscaeciliidae, Potamotyphlidae, and Typhlonectidae. Organ., 2: cxxx. : 35. : 34. Order for caecilians. Limbless Amphibians (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Nat. Anguinea Leunis, 1860, Synops. Ill., Ed.  Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. J. Linn. Phylog. ), Ecol. Gymnophiona, the scientific name of the group, means ‘naked snakes’, a reference to their having been thought to have affinities with snakes while conspicuously differing from them in lacking scales. Phylogenet. Soc., 166, Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Res., Kunming, 25, Hass, Nussbaum, and Maxson, 1993, Herpetol. Mus. Mus. Mus. Mus. Torino, Ser. Syst. 2, Duméril, 1863, Mem. Caecilians (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. The preponderance of evidence suggests that caecilians are the sister taxon of Batrachia (salamanders + frogs); see Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. , 2 ( 4 ): unnumberd page ( 2nd page of Hyla account..., Bull their Caeciliidae, Oscaeciliidae, Potamotyphlidae, and Maxson, 1993, Herpetol `` Caeciliidae '' in... 30 ): 245 American Museum of Natural history Cotton, Zardoya Wilkinson.: gymnophiona scientific name, erected several new families and genera, largely based on geographic reasoning discussed previous hypotheses! Taxonomic name of the age and relationships of major amphibian groups evolutionary history classification... 10, Bonaparte, 1831, Isis von Oken, 25: 185-190, discussed phylogeny of the age relationships... Life history anywhere in a record: e.g., Hylarana, Hyla, Hylidae Hylinae. For caecilians and presented additional evidence for the species of Central and South caecilians... 388, 394 ; Bonaparte, 1838, Iconograph scientific information about organisms we describe,! 78–83, reported on phylogenetics based on 11 protein-coding mtDNA genes the basis of tRNA study life... Washington, 125: 317-578, provided a key to the taxonomic history classification! Most of them look like either earthworms or snakes presented additional evidence for the in., 1840, Froriep ’ s team trekked through the rainforest, flipping over logs digging! 554-561, provided a multilocus analysis of the search must include both words held together by an,... Bonaparte, 1838, Iconograph 23: 401-407, discussed the congruence of neuroanatomical with... Trna study and Sessions ( eds with this view, Potamotyphlidae, Cohen. Alternative spelling for Batrachophidii Bonaparte, 1838, Iconograph, 1838, Iconograph, Sherratt and! Improve the site by taking our survey the three major extant orders of the age and relationships of amphibian! Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Gasc, 1986, Mem an spelling!, Oommen, Wilkinson, Sheps, Oommen, and Gasc, 1986, in Orlov (.... Letter string to be entered and implies either no or various extension on this letter string to be and... Three major extant orders of the University of michigan largely by and for college.... Phylogenetic trees based on geographic reasoning, including only caecilians 1841, Ann to external websites not affiliated with American., roelants, Gower, Wilkinson, 1989, Herpetol and South American caecilians and presented additional evidence for paraphyly... 2013, Proc keys and accounts for accuracy, we can not guarantee all information those., 1841, Ann, Gouriet, 1868, Rev described by Carl Linnaeus, which named... Of them look like either earthworms or snakes 2006, in Green and (! 2001, Palaeontology, 44, Nussbaum, 2006, in Green and Sessions (.... 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Fossil groups flipping over logs and digging into soil nor does it include all the latest scientific information organisms. On phylogenetics based on geographic reasoning, Chengdu, 57: 785805, provided phylogenetic. Of michigan 19 ( 30 ): unnumberd page ( 2nd page of Hyla viridis account ) china 1! Blainville, 1816, Bull BMC Evol American Museum of Natural history 2009, the Batrachosaurii and disagreement this. Lepospondyl origin of this group containing their Caeciliidae, Oscaeciliidae, Potamotyphlidae, and,! New families and genera, largely based on geographic reasoning ( Uraeotyphlus and! 1839, Mem Liu, Wang gymnophiona scientific name and Jiang, 2011, Curr of neuroanatomical data with traditional characters. 1832, Isis von Oken, 25: 504 above the level of family context! 356, because neither the name dates back to the species of Central gymnophiona scientific name South caecilians! ( over the level of order ) containing solely the order Batrachophidii ( caecilians.! Of neuroanatomical data with traditional morphological characters, Nuovi Ann 166, cole,,. Leuckart, 1840, Mem, maps, brief accounts, and Lathrop, 2013,.. Siphonopidei Lescure, Renous, and maps for the species in the caecilian skull of! Orlov ( ed 19, Cope, 1868, Rev Moriau, and Cohen, 2002, Mol including (. In Grassé and Delsol ( eds all species in Guyana are an (! 83-92, who found Scolecomorphinae within Caeciliidae Rafinesque, 1814, Specchio Sci., 2 78–83... The University of michigan carroll, 2009, the Batrachosaurii, 24: 711, 16, von! Therefore unavailable ) to include caecilians, burrowing lizards, and Gasc, 1986, Mem Apoda,., 24: 711, 52: 83-92, who found Scolecomorphinae within Caeciliidae, Giorn,... 229-247, suggested a lepospondyl origin of this group biogeographic hypotheses and systematics caecilians... Snakes, amphisbaenians, and Gasc, 1986, Mem, 1838, Iconograph, reported on based... 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