when was saint cecilia canonized

This saint, so often glorified in the fine arts and in poetry, is one of the most venerated martyrs of Christian antiquity. As her husband and brother-in-law buried the dead, St. Cecilia spent her time preaching and in her lifetime was able to convert over four hundred people, most of whom were baptized by Pope Urban. [7], According to the story, despite her vow of virginity, she was forced by her parents to marry a pagan nobleman named Valerian. Benedict. And now Cecilia herself was sought by the officers of the prefect. [3] When the time came for her marriage to be consummated, Cecilia told Valerian that watching over her was an angel of the Lord, who would punish him if he sexually violated her but would love him if he respected her virginity. Cecilia is also the subject of Alexander Pope's poem "Ode on St. Cecilia's Day". The lambs are raised by the Trappists of the Abbey Tre Fontane in Rome. Foley, Leonard, O.F.M., revised by Pat McCloskey. But as she remained unhurt in the overheated room, the prefect had her decapitated in that place. It's a little awkward to ask, but we need your help. When Valerian asked to see the angel, Cecilia replied that he could if he would go to the third milestone on the Via Appia and be baptized by Pope Urban I. One suffered martyrdom in Carthage with Dativus in 304. Among the frescoes of a later time with which the walls of the sepulchre are adorned, the figure of a richly-dressed woman appears twice and Pope Urban, who was brought personally into close relation with the saint by the Acts of her martyrdom, is depicted once. They were utilized in the prefaces of the above-mentioned masses of the “Sacramentarium Leonianum”. Prayers to Saint Cecilia. They inform us, that Cecilia, a virgin of a senatorial family and a Christian from her infancy, was given in marriage by her parents to a noble pagan youth Valerianus. Officials exhumed her body in 1599 and found her to be incorrupt, the first of all incurrupt saints. These three saints were buried in the Catacomb of Praetextatus on the Via Appia, where their tombs are mentioned in the ancient pilgrim Itineraria. Muratori, in “Opera” (Arezzo, 1771), XIII, I, 737, sqq.]. It was founded by the papal bull, Ratione congruit, issued by Sixtus V in 1585, which invoked two saints prominent in Western musical history: Gregory the Great, after whom Gregorian chant is named, and Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of music. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. If, therefore, this second notice in the martyrology is older than the aforesaid Acts and the latter did not give rise to this second feast, it follows that before the Acts were written this group of saints in Rome was brought into relation with St. Cecilia. During the restoration of the church in the year 1599 Cardinal Sfondrato had the high altar examined and found under it the sarcophagi, with the relics of the saints, that Pope Paschal had transported thither. A miniature Saint Cecilia beneath Worcester Cathedral was featured on the reverse side of the Sir Edward Elgar £20 banknote, which was withdrawn by the Bank of England in 2010. When the Academy of Music was founded at Rome (1584) she was made patroness of the institute, whereupon her veneration as patroness of church music in general became still more universal; today Cecilian societies (musical associations) exist everywhere. The executioner struck her three times but was unable to decapitate her so he left her bleeding and she lived for three days. [19], Cecilia is frequently depicted playing a viola, a small organ, or other musical instrument,[9] evidently to express what was often attributed to her, namely that while the musicians played at her nuptials, she sang in her heart to God, though the organ may be attributed to her erroneously,[10] as the result of a mistranslation.[20].

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